Picasso was prolific. He loved to experiment, test compositions, reuse motifs, arrange and re-arrange. And he loved to draw. It stands to reason, then, that paper should play such a huge role in his life and there is a touch of irony in the fact that, with this most fragile of materials, he expressed such artistic muscle and macho brawn.
As you might expect from any exhibition on Picasso, sex permeates every gallery, from his feverous drawings of predatory minotaurs (his alter ego), to his erotic etchings for Fernando de Rojas’ 1499 novel La Célestine. Not to mention the dozens of sexually charged sketches he made of his mistress Marie-Thérèse Walter (who would become the sensual consort to his lustful minotaur).
Left: Picasso next to the cut and folded cardboard sculpture of a seated man for Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe, 28 August 1962. Photo © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée national Picasso-Paris) / image RMN-GP © Succession Picasso/DACS 2020. Right: Pablo Picasso, Minotaur Caressing a Sleeping Woman,1933. Musée national Picasso-Paris. Photo © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée national Picasso-Paris) / Mathieu Rabeau © Succession Picasso/DACS 2020
Beyond the pencil and the printing press, Picasso proved himself a hungry innovator. His collages include fragments of wallpaper and newspapers, and his cut-outs (the earliest on display were made when he was just 8 years old) demonstrate his sureness of hand. But he was also a hoarder. Once he had covered every surface of his home with stacks of letters, scraps of magazines and sketches, he hung papers from the ceiling, securing them with a bulldog clip. So as not to lose track of the correspondence that required his attention, he marked important envelopes with ‘ojo’ the Spanish word for eye, transforming the 'j' so that the letters resembled a face. There are examples of these doodles here, together with a tiny, sentimental watercolour of a bedroom, illustrating a passionate love letter to the 'ravishing' Gaby Depeyre Lespinasse.
Left: Pablo Picasso, Violin, Paris, autumn 1912. Collage. Musée national Picasso-Paris. Photo © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée national Picasso-Paris) / Mathieu Rabeau. © Succession Picasso/DACS 2019. Right: Pablo Picasso, Head of a Woman. 1962. Musée national Picasso-Paris. Pablo Picasso Gift in Lieu, 1979. Photo © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée national Picasso-Paris) / Béatrice Hatala © Succession Picasso/DACS 2019
In the 1950s, he revisited the works of Édouard Manet. ‘When I see Manet’s Le Dejeuner sur l’herbe’ he said, ‘I think there will be trouble later on.’ In Manet's painting of 1863, which caused quite the stir, four people picnic in a wooded glade. The two men are smartly dressed and a woman paddles in a pond behind them, while a second woman sits entirely naked, staring out at the viewer. Picasso made 27 paintings of this subject and some 150 drawings, not to mention linocuts and cardboard figures. It seems he recognised a dynamic within this group that echoed his own complicated personal life.
Around this time, filmmaker Henri Georges Clouzot made a documentary capturing the artist at work. Using an inventive technique, he recorded the drawing process through back-lit paper, so that we can see the reverse of the image emerge line-by-line. This film, a charming work of art in its own right, shows Picasso's process of working and reworking and betrays his restless spirit.
This exhibition is ambitious in its scale and elegant in its realisation. You will come away feeling as though you have a deeper understanding of Picasso's personality and his voracious appetite for making art. Paper is, after all, a more personal medium than paint; it is held in the hand, carried and gifted. Through these pages, manipulated in every possible way, a fresh image of this much documented man emerges.
This will be a hugely popular exhibition. Click here to book your tickets for Picasso and Paper at the Royal Academy
|What||Picasso and Paper, Royal Academy review|
|Where||Royal Academy, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, W1J 0BD | MAP|
|Nearest tube||Green Park (underground)|
25 Jan 20 – 02 Aug 20, Reopens 9 July. Check opening hours before visiting
|Website||Click here for more information|